Agriculture is highly sensitive to climate change. Many of the world’s agricultural regions are expected to face higher temperatures, water scarcity, and an increase in the intensity of severe weather events such as storms and floods. All indications are that global food crop production will decline significantly under climate change, leading to greater food insecurity.
The risks are even more substantial in developing countries, where the majority of the population depend on agriculture for their livelihoods. Poor rural communities stand to be disproportionately affected because of this dependence, and because of their very limited access to the resources needed to adapt to changing weather patterns.
“Climate-Smart Agriculture integrates the three dimensions of sustainable development (economic, social and environmental) by jointly addressing food security and climate challenges.”
Climate-smart agriculture has emerged as an important means of both mitigating and adapting to climate change.
It encompasses a wide range of technologies and practices, such as drought and flood tolerant varieties of crops, livestock breeds and fish, water harvesting and improved water management techniques, conservation tillage, permaculture, agro-forestry for carbon sequestration, integrated crop-livestock management, and weather forecasting and early warning systems, amongst others.
By transforming agricultural systems so that they become climate-resilient and environmentally sustainable, we can ensure food security, increase agricultural productivity and incomes, protect natural environments and ecosystems, reduce GHG emissions and enhance carbon sinks.