Climate-Smart Agriculture

Agri­cul­ture is highly sen­si­tive to cli­mate change. Many of the world’s agri­cul­tural regions are expected to face higher tem­per­a­tures, water scarcity, and an increase in the inten­sity of severe weather events such as storms and floods. All indi­ca­tions are that global food crop pro­duc­tion will decline sig­nif­i­cantly under cli­mate change, lead­ing to greater food insecurity.

The projected impact of climate change on agricultural yields shows significant regional variations.

Author: Euro­pean Envi­ron­ment Agency

The risks are even more sub­stan­tial in devel­op­ing coun­tries, where the major­ity of the pop­u­la­tion depend on agri­cul­ture for their liveli­hoods. Poor rural com­mu­ni­ties stand to be dis­pro­por­tion­ately affected because of this depen­dence, and because of their very lim­ited access to the resources needed to adapt to chang­ing weather patterns.

“Climate-Smart Agri­cul­ture inte­grates the three dimen­sions of sus­tain­able devel­op­ment (eco­nomic, social and envi­ron­men­tal) by jointly address­ing food secu­rity and cli­mate chal­lenges.

(FAO: http://www.fao.org/climate-smart-agriculture/72611/en/)

Climate-smart agri­cul­ture has emerged as an impor­tant means of both mit­i­gat­ing and adapt­ing to cli­mate change.

It encom­passes a wide range of tech­nolo­gies and prac­tices, such as drought and flood tol­er­ant vari­eties of crops, live­stock breeds and fish, water har­vest­ing and improved water man­age­ment tech­niques, con­ser­va­tion tillage, per­ma­cul­ture, agro-forestry for car­bon seques­tra­tion, inte­grated crop-livestock man­age­ment, and weather fore­cast­ing and early warn­ing sys­tems, amongst others.

Climate-smart agri­cul­ture has emerged as an impor­tant means of both mit­i­gat­ing and adapt­ing to cli­mate change.

Author: Aus­tralian Govt, Licensed under Cre­ative Com­mons 2.0

By trans­form­ing agri­cul­tural sys­tems so that they become climate-resilient and envi­ron­men­tally sus­tain­able, we can ensure food secu­rity, increase agri­cul­tural pro­duc­tiv­ity and incomes, pro­tect nat­ural envi­ron­ments and ecosys­tems, reduce GHG emis­sions and enhance car­bon sinks.